Projects - Tampere University of Technology

Projects

This is a selected list of the projects ORC is involved in, sorted by funding agency. Hover over the links to see the full project titles and click for details.

Contents

EU flag

EU projects

These international projects are funded by the European Union.

EU FP7 APACOS – Automated Precision Assembly for Complex Optical Systems

The APACOS project (http://www.apacos.net/) is founded by European Commissions within R4SME scheme. It aims at developing solutions for the automated assembly of laser systems adapted to new laser sources designed for automated assembly. ORC’s Semiconductor Technology Group is a key partner of the consortium led by Fraunhofer Institute for Production Technology in Germany. One of the main tasks of ORC team is the development of high-power yellow laser with perspectives in the markets of health care and life sciences. Secondly ORC will develop single-emitter laser diodes for visible green and yellow lasers used for projection and display applications. Together, the APACOS consortium strives for a more standardized and automated assembly of lasers and optical systems considering aspects of product design, production system requirements, and process development. That will lead to a set of design guidelines for laser sources and a flexible assembly cell for laser optics. The project results are expected to have a major impact on the European laser industry by strengthening innovative laser manufacturers through more competitive production conditions.

Project duration : 2012 – 2014
Contact person: Prof. Mircea Guina

EU FP7 NEWLED – Nanostructured Efficient White LEDs based on short-period superlattices and quantum dots

NEWLED (http://www.newled-fp7.eu/index.php) will develop high efficiency and high brightness monolithic and hybrid all-semiconductor WHITE light-emitting GaN-based diodes. Power losses due to phosphor conversion and the problem of different ageing rates of the GaN LED pump will be eliminated by the development of phosphor free structures with increased brightness (power emitted per surface per angle). NEWLED will enhance the efficiency of yellow InGaAlP/AlGaAs LEDs by bandgap engineered superlattices. Novel light extraction approaches will target advanced directionality and colour adjustment. Values of 50 to 60% overall efficiency with a conversion of greater than 200 lm/W in the exploited warm white LEDs are targeted as well as the realisation of a colour rendering index (CRI) of greater than 95. Advanced packaging will enable effective heat dissipation and light management. The devices will have immediate applications in automotive, industrial lighting and displays industries. Widespread implementation would reduce global energy consumption by approximately 10% and reduce CO2 emissions by 3Bn tonnes with consequent economic and environmental benefits.

Project duration: 2012 - 2016
Contact person: Prof. Mircea Guina

EU FP7: RAMPLAS – 100 Gb/s Optical RAM on-chip: Silicon-based, integrated Optical RAM enabling High-Speed Applications in Computing and Communications

RAMPLAS cross-disciplinary workplan blends innovation in computer science, optical design, photonic integration and semicondictor physics. It aims to provide the theoretical foundations of optical RAM and to introduce novel optical RAM circuit designs. A building block approach will associate circuit design with physical layer parameters. Novel epitaxial methods will be employed for the fabrication of ultrafast dilute-nitride-antimonide gain regions on GaAs (InGaAsNSb/GaAs) towards the deployment of active elements for 100GHz optical RAM. Heterointegration techniques will increase integration density on established SOI technology. Multi-bit RAM chips with up to 64-bit capacity are envisaged to pave the way to densely integrated optical RAMs and kByte capacities The research outcomes of RAMPLAS will be evaluated in a solid proof-of-concept validation plan based both on simulations and experiments, intending to set the scene for new paradigms in Computing, Communications and Test & Measurement.

Participants: Centre for Research and Technology Hellas CERTH Greece (Coordinator), Technical University of Berlin TUB Germany, VTT Technical Research Centre VTT Finland, Phoenix BV PHOENIX, Netherlands, National Technical University of Athens ICCS/NTUA Greece

Project duration : 2011 – 2014
Contact person: Prof. Mircea Guina

EU FP7: RAPIDO

RAPIDO (http://www.rapido-project.eu) was launched in January 2014 under the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7). The full name of the project is “Revolutionary Advances in Photonics Integration Being Applied for Optical Communication”. This 3-year project focuses on the development of fast optical communication techniques for high performance computing (HPC) systems, which are taking a central role in our information society. The ultimate goal is to increase the computing power, data rate and power efficiency of supercomputers, backbone routers, large data storage systems and other HPCs. To achieve its goal rapido aims to make real breakthroughs in component, integration, packaging and communication technologies by introducing novel ideas and by challenging conventional approaches.

The optoelectronics platform for integrated circuits is based on so called hybrid integration approach where III-V active chips (leaser, amplifies, modulators) are combined with Si-based waveguides using expertise at VTT Micronova. Light from the lasers can be amplified and externally modulated up to 80 Gb/s with GaAs-based optoelectronics. To this end, ORC’s team is developing novel dilute nitride heterostructures (GaInNAsSb/GaAs) that enable low-cost manufacturing and temperature-insensitive device operation. Early developments by ORC have already resulted in state of the art semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1300 nm. The GaInNAsSb/GaAs materials developed by ORC are used by Tyndall National Institute in Ireland to develop fast modulators. Further optoelectronics development work is carried out by Modulight, a Finnish optoelectronics manufacturer, spin-off from ORC. IBM Research GmbH in Switzerland is the primary end user (IBM develops optical interconnects for HPCs). The five state-of-the-art demonstrators include the use of advanced modulation methods and optical packet switching, and they aim to show scalability into commercially viable Pb/s communication systems in HPC.

Project duration : 2014 – 2016
Contact person: Prof. Mircea Guina

H2020: MIREGAS - Programmable multi-wavelength Mid-IR source for gas sensing

The project targets development of cost effective multi-wavelength light sources utilizing a novel Mid-IR Si-based photonic integrated circuit filter and wide-band Mid-IR SLEDs. The ultimate target is to demonstrate a light source that covers 2.7…3.5 μm wavelength range with a resolution < 1nm. The source will enable f fabrication of affordable multiband gas sensors with good selectivity and sensitivity. The market impact is expected to be disruptive, since the devices currently in the market are either complicated, expensive and heavy instruments, or the applied measurement principles are inadequate in terms of stability and selectivity. The consortium is composed of one large European company, three SMEs, and three world-class research organisations from three European countries representing the complete value chain from devices and components to gas sensor manufacturers.

Project duration : 2015 – 2017
Contact person: Prof. Mircea Guina

Tekes logo.

Tekes projects

These projects are funded by Tekes, the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation. Tekes is the main public funding organisation for research, development and innovation in Finland.

Tekes: CLEEN – Measurement, Monitoring and Environmental Assessment

CLEEN is a joint effort between several departments of TUT as part of SHOK-MMEA TEKES program. The project has a duration of 5 years and will be concluded at the end of 2015 The objective of TUT task is to develop new cost-efficient technologies for advanced LIDAR to measure wind and humidity. Advances in laser technology allow new approaches with potentially more robust structure and lower expenses. A significant part of the work in this task is directed to the laser development for LIDAR, including semiconductor lasers and amplifiers (ORC’s role). Also, a lot of attention is paid on different signal detection schemes, on signal processing techniques of the data, data evaluation and calibration, and on processibility of different LIDAR solutions. Focus application areas of the LIDAR development are wind energy and meteorology. ORC works together with Modulight Oy to develop a novel master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) platform integrating distributed feedback laser manufactured by nanoimprint litography. The Final end-user and integrator of the laser for LIDAR systems is VAISALA Oy.

Project duration: 2010 - 2015
Contact person: Prof. Mircea Guina

 

Tekes: KURKO – Composites for tissue construction

 

KURKO is a part of Functional Materials Program of TEKES and coordinated by the Department of Biomedical Technology, TUT. In this project, biodegradable porous synthetic polymer composite materials are engineered and studied for tissue engineering and medical applications. The aim is to manufacture scaffolds that mimic the structure and composition of the targeted tissue and promote differentation of stem cells and tissue growth. These composites enable treatments for difficult tissue injuries especially in bone, cartilage and tendon tissues. The project combines high level knowledge of polymer processing and development with supercritical carbon dioxide processing which enables the development and tailoring of functional porous polymer composites for biomedical applications.

The role of Surface Science Laboratory is to determine the surface properties of the composite materials and gain insights on how the surface properties change upon biodegradation and how bioactive materials in the composite are distributed and released in simulated physiological environment. The surface analyses are performed by electron spectroscopy.

Project duration: 2011 – 2014
Contact person: Prof. Mika Valden

Excelsior - Exploitation of novel low-cost high-speed lasers for (amplitude- and) frequency-modulated optical transmission

The Excelsior project aims at creating the basis for the commercial exploitation of novel high-speed frequency-modulated optical transmission. The project develops novel low-cost laser structures that can be used effectively in a high-speed frequency-modulation transmission scheme, thus enabling the fundamental shift from amplitude-modulated to frequency-modulated optical transmission. This shift would be the optical communication equivalent of radio transmission shifting from amplitude modulation (AM) to frequency modulation (FM), bringing to optical communications all the advantages that make FM the prevalent radio transmission format.

Project duration: 2013 – 2015
Contact person: Prof. Mihail Dumitrescu

ReLase - Red Laser Engine for Projection

ReLase is a two years TUTLI-project aiming at commercializing high power semiconductor disk lasers with application-tailored emission properties. The project is run by a well-seasoned team of researchers led by Professor Mircea Guina at the Optoelectronics Research Centre (ORC). The immediate technical objectives are to develop a new generation of high brightness red light source for laser illuminated projection (LIP) and to validate the business potential of such laser platform. LIP has recently emerged as the most promising projection platform for the motion picture industry enabling, for example, enhanced 3D movie experience and projection on much larger screens than available today. The current laser technologies used for LIP suffer from lack of power, brightness, efficiency, compactness, and emission wavelengths matching the eye response. Other potential market segments targeted by ReLase technology are concerned with medical and spectroscopic applications

Project duration: 2014 - 2016
Contact person: Prof. Mircea Guina

Tekes: FiDiPro Photolase

The FiDiPro project “Photodynamic Therapy and Selective Photothermolysis Based on Novel Semiconductor Lasers” has a duration of three years, from January 2015 to December 2018. The goal of the project is to establish a strong bridge between the leading-edge developments of novel laser technology in Tampere and high impact medical applications of lasers. The project will benefit from the transfer of skills and expertise of Prof. Serge Mordon in biomedical applications exploiting lasers; he is the director of INSERM U 1189 – ONCO-THAI (Laser Therapies Assisted by Image and Simulation for Oncoloy) and the director of the Photomedicine Center (Lille University Hospital). FiDiPro Prof. Serge Mordon will bring direct links to leading clinicians globally and helps to develop new medical applications based on laser sources. The work plan targets two research areas where lasers can be used to solve major health issues: i) Photodynamic Therapy, which has an interesting method in cancer treatment, and ii) Photothermolysis based on yellow lasers, with major application in dermathology. The most valuable expertise to be gained is concerned with light-tissues interaction, development of medical instrumentation based on light sources, and clinical trials.

Project duration: 2014 - 2017
Contact person: Prof. Mircea Guina

Academy of Finland logo

Academy of Finland projects

These projects are funded by the Academy of Finland, the main source of funding for basic research projects in Finland.

Academy of Finland: NANos – New Approach for Heteroepitaxy: Antimonide Nanowires

NANoS is three-year Postdoctoral Research Project. The main goal of NANoS is to demonstrate controlled and cost-effective method to fabricate site-controlled antimony nanowires (NW) on Silicon templates. The antimony NWs are suitable for mid-infrared devices or for high-speed electronics. They also have potential for use in spin electronics.  Other applications include thermo-electronics and magnetic sensors.

Project duration: 2012 - 2015
Contact person: Soile Suomalainen

Academy of Finland: Photonics QCA – Photonically Addressed Zero Current Logic through Nano-Assembly of Functionalised Nanoparticles to Quantum Dot Cellular Automata

Photonics QCA is a multidisciplinary consortium funded at TUT within the “Programmable Materials” program of the Finnish Academy. The project combines expertise from the departments of Electronics, Chemistry and Bioengineering and Optoelectronics Research Centre (ORC) to look at the unique possibilities of combining organic chemistry, semiconductor growth and nonofabrication to put the basis of a visionary technology platform for future nanoelectronic devices and logic circuits. Photonics QCA aims to combine the concepts of Quantum-Dot Cellular Automata (QCA) for zero-current logic with chemical functionalisation of quantum dot semiconductor structures and the use of these hybrid structures to enable optical addressing. QCA switch by rearranging charges within a cell, and can be a path to logical circuits that do not require flow of current, but fabrication has been a challenge to date, and addressing of smaller and smaller structures by wiring is also a problem. This project will study novel approaches for fabrication and positioning of quantum dot (QD) structures and chemical functionalisation for optical control of the injection and transfer of charge into and between QDs. The goal of the project is to point the way toward novel QCAs that can be written, clocked and read out optically without the need for electronic nano-micro interfaces; this could create a fully new paradigm for design, fabrication and addressing of logical circuitry.

Project duration: 2012-2016
Contact person: Prof. Mircea Guina

Academy of Finland: HIGHMAT – Epitaxy and Fundamental Studies of Novel Highly-Mismatched III-V Semiconductor Alloys

HIGHMAT targets a significant breakthrough in the physics and technology of highly-mismatched III-V-Bi alloys. This is a new class of compound semiconductors that holds remarkable promises to revolutionize the development of lasers, high-efficiency solar cells, mid-IR detectors, or spintronic devices. The main objectives of the project are:  i) To devise epitaxial conditions suitable for synthesis of novel III-V-Bi heterostructures and to understand the surface mechanisms involved in Bi incorporation processes;  ii) To elucidate the structural, optical, and electrical properties of the III-V-Bi heterostructures by using innovative surface science methods and characterization tools at the atomic level; and iii) To assess the suitability of the III-V-Bi alloys for realizing novel optoelectronic devices. The program is designed to foster international and national cooperation with leading research groups having complementary expertise in investigations of novel materials and nanostructures. Scientific breakthroughs are expected, for example, in the determination of crystal sites occupied by Bi and the surface structures of these unusual alloys. In long term, the project is deemed to have a high societal and economical impact by offering new alternatives to mainstream optoelectronics technologies, in particular for the less developed mid-IR wavelength range.

Project duration: 2012-2016
Contact person: Prof. Mircea Guina

Academy of Finland and INTAS: QUADSYS – Quantum Nano-Photonics with Ordered Semiconductor Quantum Dot Systems

QUADSYS project is a European consortium co-founded by the Finnish Academy and INTAS within ERA.NET-RUS framework program. The consortium is coordinated by Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Switzerland and incorporates the Semiconductor Technology Group of ORC together with Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS, Moscow, and Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, RAS, Saint Petersburg, Russia. The projects target the development of ordered quantum dot (QD) systems using epitaxial growth on patterned substrates. This technology will be employed in the investigation of quantum optics phenomena and functional devices, including single- and entangled-photon emitters. To this end, site-controlled QDs with prescribed emission wavelength and heterostructure potential wells will be fabricated, and emission of single- and entangled-photons from specific confined exciton states will be investigated. Theoretical models of the confined excitonic states and their correlation with the statistics of the emitted photons will be developed and used for the interpretation of the experimental results. Various quantum optical processes, including single photon interference and the generation of indistinguishable photons and quantum teleportation of excitonic states will be investigated. The project should yield novel QD systems enabling to study advanced quantum photonics processes in the solid state.

Project duration: 2012-2014
Contact person: Prof. Mircea Guina

Academy of Finland: SR-MAXIV – Synchrotron radiation based studies at MAX-IV (FIRI project)

SR-MAXIV is funded from FIRI2010 infrastructure program of the Academy of Finland. It aims at enhancing access for the wide Finnish synchrotron radiation (SR) user base to the forthcoming MAX-IV synchrotron in Lund, Sweden. Availability of a state-of-the-art SR and short pulse facility in close geographical proximity serving extremely high brightness on wide range of photon energies is extremely high on the priorities of researchers on the field. The goal of the project is to provide Finnish expertise on developing the MAX-IV site. Contributing to infrastructure at MAX-IV site helps to establish long term collaboration with the MAX-IV Laboratory. Directing the designs and commission of the beamlines and experimental end stations ensures the best usability, availability and suitability of the upcoming state of art radiation source for Finnish researchers in the future. The surface science research related to this project is coordinated by Prof. Mika Valden of Surface Science Laboratory at Optoelectronics Research Centre (ORC). The principal coordinator of the consortium is Prof. Marko Huttula (University of Oulu).

Project duration: 2011 – 2015
Contact person: Prof. Mika Valden

Academy of Finland: Biofunc – Biofunctionalization of stainless steel surfaces using novel electrospray mediated supersonic molecular beam deposition technique

The scientific goal of Biofunc is to develop a novel electrospray mediated supersonic molecular beam deposition (ES-SSMB) technique for controlled, covalent immobilization of protein, enzyme or avidin-biotin complexes on silanized FeCrNiMn based nanopatterned materials. The aim is to guide the biomolecule adsorption (protein or enzyme) or cell attachment on stainless steel surface by bottom-up nanofabrication approach where the stainless steel surface will be modified in a controllable fashion by bright annealing, hydroxylation treatments and silanization. By synthesizing tailor-made supramolecular assemblies with ES-SSMB technique we can stabilize hydrogen bonding and metal-ligand interactions. This facilitates exceptional control over chemical composition and morphology of stainless steel surfaces for specific binding of biomolecules for biomedical applications and biodiagnostics in food and medical industry.

Project duration: 2011 – 2015
Contact person: Prof. Mika Valden

Academy of Finland: QUBIT - Intense Light Sources for Quantum Systems Manipulation

The project QUBIT will address the pressing need for new lights sources by the quantum optics community by developing Semiconductor Disk Lasers (SDLs) that will meet the community’s strict requirements at wavelengths where suitable sources aren't currently available. The project will focus on developing lasers for quantum information processing (QIP) research, i.e., to obtain high power, single linewidth emission at uv wavelengths (235 nm and 325 nm).

The motivation for the project has been the rapidly progressing field of QIP that has opened doors to high performance computing, sensitive and high precision measurements of physical parameters, and advances in fundamental research. The ultimate goal of QIP research is to build a scalable quantum computer. In order to achieve the desired degree of control of the quantum states of trapped ions, single-mode narrow linewidth laser sources are required at the frequencies of specific ion transitions. SDLs' ability for intra-cavity frequency conversion and tailorable single-linewidth operation at high-power make them an ideal candidate. This project will utilize new material synthesis methods and semiconductor process to achieve the target wavelengths.

Project duration: 2014 - 2018
Contact person: Prof. Mircea Guina

Academy of Finland: TPXENERGY - Thermophotonic energy conversion for efficient heating and cooling in buildings

TPXENERY is consortium project between TUT and Aalto University, funded within the "New Energy" program of the Academy of Finland. The project duration extends from January 2015 to December 2018. The main objective is the very first demonstration of electroluminescent cooling and thermophotonic (TPX) heat transfer in simplified thermophotonic heat pumps. Such structures consists of integrated light emitting diodes (LEDs) and photovoltaic cells. The project targets to enhance the basic research of materials and fabrication as well as fundamentals of energy transfer in micro-cavities. The project provides a unique opportunity to pioneer a field that may have a major impact on the future directions of energy conversion research and potential to start the long anticipated revolution in the solid state heating and cooling technologies.

Project duration: 2015 - 2018
Contact person: Prof. Mircea Guina

European Space Agency projects

European Space Agency: EARLY – Sub-Megahertz linewidth laser for fundamental physics missions

Early is a project funded by the European Space Agency for developing stable and reliable high-power and narrow-linewidth 780 nm lasers suitable for space missions. The project develops a monolithically-integrated master-oscillator power-amplifier (MOPA) structure applicable for high-power narrow-linewidth semiconductor lasers emitting at various wavelengths. The lasers are developed using a generic low-cost fabrication platform employing surface gratings processed using nanoimprint lithography.

Project duration: 2014 – 2016
Contact person: Prof. Mihail Dumitrescu

 

Marie Curie Actions logo

Marie Curie actions

Marie Curie Actions are aimed at the development and transfer of research competencies, the consolidation and widening of researchers' career prospects, and the promotion of excellence in European research.

Finished projects

  • Acedemy of Finland
    • A-PLAN - Active Plasmonics
    • ActiveFibre - Microstructured optical fibres functionally enhanced by photoactive molecules
    • DROPLET – Novel quantum-dot concepts in III-V epitaxy
    • Dauntless - Development of vanguard semiconductor sources for single and entangled photon emission
    • GEMINI - Ultrafast Sources Based on Vertical Cavity Geometry
    • IR LASERS - Advanced vertical IR lasers and broadband superluminescent diodes
    • Keski-infrapuna-alueen laser
    • LIGHTCAVITI - Light localization in optical nanocavities
    • MAGELLAN - Managing the speed of light: from slow light to fast and back
    • NANOmat – Modular spectromicroscopy system for nanomaterials synthesis and characterization (FIRI project)
    • NANOTOMO - Mechanical properties of nanostructures
    • NEONATE - New compound semiconductor materials for optoelectonics devices
    • NEREUS – Negative Refraction in semiconductor and Photonics Crystals Metamaterials
    • QUEST - Ultra-Fast Quantum-Regime Semiconductors, Optoelectronics and Subsystems
    • REDMETA – Resonance-domain metamaterials for sub-wavelength optics
    • STEEL - Surface and interface physics of stainless steel materials
    • SurfBiofunc - Surface biofunctionalization of metallic materials by metallosupramolecular nanostructures
  • European Space Agency
    • DFB - Design and Development of Extremely Narrow-band Semiconductor Feedback Laser Technology
    • Space - Development of 1 ev Dilute-Nitride Junctions by Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) and Integration into Metal Organic Chemical Vapour Deposition (MOCVD) Grown Multi-Junction Solar Cells
  • European Union
    • DeLight (FP7) – Development of low-cost technologies for the fabrication of high-performance telecommunication lasers
    • DELILA (FP6) - Development of lithography technology for nanoscale structuring of materials using laser beam interference
    • FAST ACCESS (FP6) - Low-cost 1.3 um sources for Fast Access technologies
    • FAST-DOT (FP7) – Compact Ultrafast Laser Sources Based On Novel Quantum Dot Structures
    • MONOPLA (FP6) - Monolithic Short Optical Pulse Diode Laser for Ultrahigh Speed Communication
    • NATAL (FP6) - Nano-Photonics Materials and Technologies for Multicolor High-Power Sources
    • URANUS (FP6) - Ultrafast Technology for Multicolor Compact High-Power Fibre Systems
  • Marie Curie Actions
    • LaserNaMi – Laser Nanoscale Manufacturing
    • RANDFIELDS – Random fibre lasers for telecommunications and distributed sensing
    • TeLaSens - Carbon Nanotubes Technologies in Pulsed Fibre Lasers for Telecom and Sensing Applications
  • Tekes
    • BioPulse - Multiphoton biomaterial processing using ultrashort laser pulses
    • BRIGHTLASE – Advanced dilute nitride technology for high brightness lasers
    • FABRICS – Fabrication and service performance of advanced stainless steels for demanding exhaust applications
    • FLIPSOI – Optics integration by flip-chip bonding on a silicon waveguide platform
    • JOIN - Puolijohdekomponenttien automaattinen liittäminen
    • JOIN2 – Automatic joining and testing of semiconductor components
    • Kustannustehokkaat THz-lähteet
    • LAMP - Cost-effective Fiber Lasers for Material Processing
    • LASE -- Ultrafast Optical Technology
    • Lena - Tarkat litografiset menetelmät miniatyrisoitujen ja energiatehokkaiden näyttöjen ja antureiden valmistamisessa
    • NanoFinish – Nanostructures and finishing of advanced stainless steel surfaces
    • Nanophotonics and Nanophotonics Extension
    • NANOPOWER – Novel polymer nanocomposites for power capacitors
    • NextSolar - Technology up-scaling for next generation multi-junction solar cells
    • Produla – Photonics production platform
    • Pulsar - Ultra-Short-Pulse Fibre Laser Deposition of thin-films
    • SOLAR III-V – Advanced III-V semiconductors for multi-junction high efficiency solar cells
    • V2C - Building University innovations from Venture Capital
  • TE-Centre
    • INFRA - Puolijohde- ja kuituteknologian kehittäminen
    • L3 - Lasersirujen ja laserbaarien liittäminen
    • Service Centre for Industry
  • Other
    • Council of Tampere Region: LaserNano – Laser based fabrication and modification of nanomaterials
    • ERA-NET NanoSci-E+: ACEPLAN – Active plasmonics and lossless metamaterials
Updated by: Eija Heliniemi, 18.08.2016 10:40.
Content owner: Viherkoski Anne
Keywords: science and research, orc, projects, funding