Research projects and publications
Find publications from TUTCRIS Research Portal.
Current research projects
ActInPak aims to identify and focus on the key technical, social, economic and legislative factors relevant for a successful deployment of renewable fibre-based functional packaging solutions. The main objective of ActInPak is to develop a knowledge-based network on sustainable, active and intelligent fibre-based packaging in order to overcome current technological, industrial, and social limitations that hinder the wide deployment of existing and newly developed solutions in market applications. Currently, 30 countries are involved in the network, with participants representing over 95 institutes and companies. Contact person at TUT: WG leader, project manager Dr. Johanna Lahti. Funding: COST is supported by the EU Framework Programme Horizon 2020.
Tampere University of Technology targets to realize a highly novel multi-material structure in the LuxTurrim5G project and to do so research a new light pole design (in work package 5) with a polished concept, composite materials, low RF signal attenuation walls, efficient cooling and long operation life with a sustainable life-cycle. To achieve these targets, we need to improve knowledge about RF-attenuation of building materials – including models and measurements (in work package 7). Within this theme, world needs new materials that make it possible to minimize signal losses and errors, durable structures and reliable validation methods of signal attenuation in materials. We apply polymer matrix composites that are sustainable and intended to work close to everyday human life! The responsible leader is assistant professor Mikko Kanerva. The project has been funded by Tekes and participating companies, the planned duration 01.02.2017 - 31.05.2019.
Design and Fabrication of Functional Surfaces with Controllable Wettability, Adhesion and Reflectivity (FabSurfWAR)
Project focuses on the staff exchange between the partners of EU and Asia, and the development of key enabling techniques of designing and generating micro/nano surface topology with better control of bacterial growth, adhesion, friction and other tribological properties for potential applications from surgical tools, biomedical devices, to turbine blades and agricultural machines. It meets the objectives and requirements of the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions: Research and Innovation Staff Exchange (H2020-MSCA-RISE-2014), by establishing multiple bridges between 5 European universities and Asian 4 institutions. Contact person at TUT is Prof Erkki Levänen. Duration 2015-2019.
Development of damage repair capabilities (PROPAGATIVE)
The target of the project is to study damage tolerance of composite and metal-composite adhesively bonded joints. Fracture propagation is simulated numerically using finite element models; experimental work is carried out to understand the phenomena due to static and fatigue loading. The project is part of Management of flying equipment II-research project, which is funded by the Finnish Defence Forces Logistics Command. Responsible leader of the project is assistant professor Mikko Kanerva. Duration 2017-2020.
Green processing of functional surfaces by supercritical carbon dioxide
In supercritical conditions fluid has the low viscosity of gas and high dissolution capability of liquid. The change of pressure and temperature affects to solvation capability which can be used for control of nucleation and growth reactions. The supercritical conditions are mild for carbon dioxide (ScCO2 at 32oC 74 bar) which make it attracting solvent for processing. The technique has been demonstrated in production of nanowires, the structures that are used e.g. in dye sensitized solar cell electrodes and as antimicrobial material. In this study the potential of ScCO2 processed nanostructures is evaluated for solar cell and antimicrobial applications. The spraying technique will be developed and demonstrated for fast production of large areas. The spraying can be also used for spraying of concentrated of challenging suspensions of e.g. nanocellulose and carbon nanotubes. Contact persons at TTUT are Principal Investigator Prof Erkki Levänen and Dr. Tech Juha-Pekka Nikkanen. Project is funded by Academy of Finland, Key project funding Forging ahead with research, 1.10.2016-30.9.2018.
The LubISS project aims to explore the expansive potential of lubricant impregnated surfaces, focusing on three applications of high societal, environmental, industrial and medical impact: Anti-icing, easy-to-clean and anti-fouling. The research objectives are broken down by implementation of the following research work packages: i) Fabrication of lubricant impregnated surfaces, ii) Experimental characterization of the shape & stability of the lubricating film and of the adhesion of ice, dispersions and microorganisms, iii) Theoretical modelling of the static and dynamic properties of the lubricating film, ice adhesion and interaction with particular matter, and iv) Defining applications, characterization, and benchmarking of materials. Contact persons at TUT: Petri Vuoristo, Heli Koivuluoto, Jurkka Kuusipalo and Johanna LahtiEuropean Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie.
Novel synthesis methods for advanced porous ceramics from mine tailings (Ceratail)
In CeraTAIL project, robust processes for utilizing mine tailings as raw material for porous ceramics will be developed. The studied processes are energy efficient ceramic processes, and their novel combinations. As a result, it is possible to select the most suitable raw materials and production method combination to achieve structurally sound porous ceramics. It is expected that by screening mine tailings and identifying active, passive and deleterious components for each processing route and process combinations will make this possible. As a result of this research, currently landfilled waste can be utilized, strengthening Finnish cleantech know-how. This research will have wide applicability, since porous ceramics are used in a wide array of industrial processes; they are frequently used as filters, catalyst supports, insulators and absorbents. The project partners are University of Oulu, VTT Technical research Centre of Finland, Geological Survey of Finland, and Tampere University of technology, Laboratory of Materials Science. Contact persons at TUT are Principal Investigator Prof Erkki Levänen and researcher M.Sc. Arnold Ismailov. Project is funded by Academy of Finland, 1.9.2015-31.8.2019.
The combination of strong design competence and cutting-edge cellulose-based technologies can result in new commercially successful brands. The aim is for fibre from wood-based biomass to replace both cotton production, which burdens the environment, and polyester production, which consumes oil. A research project launched by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Aalto University and Tampere University of Technology aims to create new business models and ecosystems in Finland through design-driven cellulose products. This is one of two strategic projects launched by Tekes – Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation intended to help transform Finnish business life. Responsible leader of the project at TUT is professor Jyrki Vuorinen. 1.6.2013-31.3.2018
Finalized research projects
The project concerns the estimation of the remaining life of machine parts and assemblies by testing and simulation. The project is a co-operation of the Tampere University of Technology’s four departments: Materials Science (DMS), Intelligent Hydraulics and Automation (IHA), Mechanical Engineering and Industrial Systems (MEI) and Electrical Engineering (DEE). In the project participates also six companies. The project aims at: a) create expertise and testing competence to cover the whole product life cycle. b) get the examination of the whole lifespan of the product as a connecting factor in teaching and study at TUT. c) enable new business in the area of life cycle testing, simulation and remaining life time estimation.The project is divided into four subprojects and industrial test cases. The subprojects are: 1) ”Predict malfunctions by testing”. 2) ”Accelerated component testing”. 3) ”Adaptive life cycle estimation”. 4) ”Failure and ageing mechanisms and models”. Project Manager: Doc. Juha Miettinen, Principal Investigator: Prof. Pentti Saarenrinne. The project is funded by Tekes and industry for 1.8.2014 – 31.7.2017.
CMT – Nordic business opportunities from coating and additive manufacturing
The objectives of the project are to study the opportunities of novel cold metal transfer (CMT) welding technologies in overlay welding and 3D metal printing and to develop laser- and induction-assisted CMT hybrid technologies for novel coatings and near net shape structures. Partners of the project are TUT/DMS, Centria University of Applied Sciences, Luleå University of Technology and University of Tromsø as well as 8 industrial partners. Contact persons at TUT: Prof. Petri Vuoristo and Dr. Jari Tuominen. Project belongs to Interreg North 2014-2020 –programme. Duration 1.5.2015-31.12.2017.
Recently developed advanced steels with improved combinations of wear resistance, strength, toughness and weldability have opened up new possibilities for totally new designs that are more efficient, life-cycle-oriented, light-weight and sustainable. However, these steels still lack appropriate design rules to enable their widespread acceptance and application. The target of this project is to find optimal life cycle efficient and sustainable steel-based solutions by facilitating the efficient use of novel high-performance steels in new demanding applications. This will be realized by removing obstacles hindering the use of new steels (design rules and codes, fabrication issues, fundamental phenomena affecting material behaviour, etc.) in many applications areas, including mining, arctic structures, mechanical power transmissions, and energy efficient built environments. Contact persons at TUT: Prof. Veli-Tapani Kuokkala, Prof. Arto Lehtovaara, and Project Manager Kati Valtonen. The project is part of the DIMECC BSA programme (2014-2017) funded by Tekes and participating companies.
Fundamentals and modelling (FunMode)
The FunMode project and the DIMECC Breakthrough Materials Doctoral School are new research focused instruments in the FIMECC programs. Taking advantage of the most recent scientific knowhow, methods and computational tools for material multiscale modelling and simulation, FunMode will boost the research of the industrially oriented projects to a new level. The critical mass is guaranteed by gathering together a highly multi-disciplinary group of researchers (more than 30 doctoral students + their distinguished senior advisors & international partners) working on the challenging research topics which are identified and selected with the industrial partners. Contact persons at TUT: Prof. Veli-Tapani Kuokkala and University Lecturer Mikko Hokka. The project is the joint platform for the FIMECC BSA & HYBRIDS programs (2014-2017) funded by Tekes and participating companies.
Light multifunctional hybrid structures
New hybrid material solutions together with advanced modeling tools are seen as enabling technologies to integrate more functionality in hybrid structures and thus increase the overall performance of product. The aim of the project is to develop critical understanding of energy efficiency and long-term durability of hybrid materials. Unique material models describing micro-scale physical phenomena and link to the macro-scale performance will be developed, a clear development leap in structure integrated noise and vibration damping materials will be taken, and platform development will be carried out in the field of embedded adaptive and monitoring hybrid materials. Contact person at TUT/Materials Science: Prof. Jyrki Vuorinen. The project is part of the DIMECC HYBRIDS program (2014-2017) funded by Tekes and participating companies.
Multifunctional thick coatings and composites
Knowledge in materials science and thermal spray technology is very high in Finland thus creating a perfect platform for international high-impact level research and remarkable national industrial influence. Combining novel thermal spraying technologies and new material technologies with systematic multiscale material modeling and phenomena understanding revolutionizes the possibilities for coating solutions in extreme conditions. The target of this project is to create high-performance, cost-effective hybrid coatings for severe environments. Contact person at TUT/Materials Science: Prof. Petri Vuoristo. The project is part of the DIMECC HYBRIDS program (2014-2017) funded by Tekes and participating companies.
Multifunctional thin coatings
Future technical applications in industrial sectors as construction, mechanical engineering, consumer products and in special applications require novel innovative surfaces with highly diverse multifunctionality. Thin metal and polymer hybrid coatings in large area applications aim to study multilayer coating technology and dyed metal coatings. Thin hybrid coatings for products in batch-type processes aim to study the high wear resistance, hardness, hygienity and tribological properties which require novel coating methods to be investigated. Contact person at TUT/Materials Science: Prof. Erkki Levänen. The project is part of the DIMECC HYBRIDS program (2014-2017) funded by Tekes and participating companies.
Cooperative soft actuators for wearable support units (ActiveFit)
ActiveFit project funded by Academy of Finland concentrates on the development of materials for soft robot applications. The goal is to develop a assistive wearable devices for elderly and rehabilitation. The principal investigator of the project is Associate Professor Reza Ghabcheloo from the laboratory of Automation and Hydraulics Engineering. The responsible leader in the laboratory of Materials Science is Assistant Professor Mikko Kanerva. The duration of the project 01/2016-12/2017.
Double Screen Mosquito Trap (Ansa)
The project is carried out in collaboration with the University of Helsinki. The main goal is to create a new kind of mosquito trap as a method for better malaria control. The trap concept in question has already proven to be functioning in laboratory scale studies. Specific 3D parts for the mosquito trap will be designed and produced together with industrial co-partners. The efficacy of the traps will be investigated in field studies in Africa using experimental huts in trapping mosquitoes in open environment. This will involve testing different assemblies of the trap designs. The long-term approach is an insecticide-free solution for mosquito elimination. Responsible manager is prof. Mikko Kanerva and project manager is Markku Honkala. Project is funded by Tekes, participating research institutes and companies. Project duration 1.8.2016 – 30.9.2017.
New cost/effective superhydrophobic coatings with enhanced bond strength and wear resistance for application in large wind turbine blades (HYDROBOND)
Hydrobond is an EU-project and the other partners with TUT/DMS are University of Barcelona, (Spain), University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (Italy), Putzier (Germany), Millidyne (Finland), Muehlhan (Germany) and Gutmar (Spain). Hydrobond outlines the development of a highly innovative process for application of coatings onto large off-shore turbine blades. The objectives of this project targets to reduce the maintaining costs of offshore wind turbines. The coatings developed in the project will act as a passive anti-icing method minimizing ice accretion and therefore, increasing the reliability and operational life of the blades and other components and reducing environmental impact. Contact person at TUT: Prof. Petri Vuoristo and Dr. Heli Koivuluoto. This project is funded by The European Union, Seventh Framework Programme/FP7-NMP-2012.2.2.4-Small-6, HYDROBOND (2013-2016).
Polymeric multifunctional sliding materials
Competition in world-wide market drives products towards higher power density, longer life time, higher reliability and lower power losses with reasonable cost. This project will create the scientific basis and innovative solutions for a new generation of lubricated and unlubricated sliding, rolling and flow guiding materials providing superior performance and sustainability for challenging tribological conditions in future industrial applications. Project generates technology basis for companies to survive and enlarge their product portfolio. Contact person at TUT/Materials Science: Prof. Arto Lehtovaara. The project is part of the DIMECC HYBRIDSprogram(2014-2017) funded by Tekes and participating companies.
Consumer Driven Local Production with the Help of Virtual Design and Digital Manufacturing (fromROLLtoBAG)
The first Horizon 2020 project coordinated by TUT will connect enabling virtual design and sales technology to enabling digital manufacturing technology and demonstrate how virtual design and sales technology can be exploited by the fashion and sports goods industry and how consumer driven local production can be established. The aim is to accelerate and support growth of European creative industries, especially in competing against low cost imports and bring production back to Europe. The novelties of the project are the inspiring and interactive avatar, radically new product construction connected to no-inventory continuous production with digital consumer driven design and manufacturing. Nine European partners coordinated by the Department of Materials Science, Prof. Heikki Mattila. Financed by Horizon 2020, duration2014-2016.
Advanced Green Processing of a Functional Ceramic Materials by Supercritical Carbon Dioxide (FuCerSCO)
Supercritical fluids have properties that offer promising synthesis routes for ceramic powders with unique compositions and structures such as core-shells, capsules and hybrid materials. The technique can be used also for impregnation and filling of porous structures with active materials. The common sol-gel or metal salt based raw materials can be used in scCO2 assisted synthesis, but it needs its own additives for colloidal chemistry. The control over reactions at supercritical carbon dioxide needs to be accurate so that the material composition and structure can be controlled respectively. Responsible leader of the project is professor Erkki Levänen, Department of Materials Science. This project is funded by Academy of Finland, 01.09.2012 - 31.08.2016.
Bio-Inspired Elastomeric Composites
The project is a part of FiDiPro program which enables inviting high-level scientist to Finland. The invited FiDiPro Fellow, Dr. Amit Das comes from Leibniz- Institute for polymer research Dresden, Germany. The aim of the project is to develop materials for dielectric elastomer actuators behaving like muscles. The applications of such materials include micro-pumps, robotics, tactile interfaces, loudspeakers, medical prosthetics, sensing, and energy harvesting. Contact person: Prof. Jyrki Vuorinen. The project is funded by Tekes and industry for 1.1.2013 - 31.12.2015.
The main idea of this project proposal is to use bio based renewable polymers as raw materials for solid preformed precursors which can be carbonized into novel structural carbon materials for various applications. We will start by determining requirements for carbon materials in various application fields, including those already using carbon as well as new application fields. As a second step we will make Carbon designs. Carbon design can be determined as rational process to answer industrial needs. Project is a collaboration work between TUT and VTT. Responsible leader of the project at TUT is professor Jyrki Vuorinen, Department of Materials Science. This project is funded by Tekes, 1.7.2013-30.6.2015.
The objective of the project is to develop novel cost efficient high deposition rate laser cladding techniques for overlay welding and additive manufacturing. Developed techniques are based on coaxial hot-wire, coaxial laser-arc and hot-strip cladding methods. Partners of the project are Kokkola LCC Oy, Laserline GmbH, Fraunhofer IWS and TUT/DMS. Contact persons at TUT: Prof. Petri Vuoristo and Dr. Jari Tuominen. Project belongs to EU’s M-era.Net –programme. Duration 1.7.2014-30.6.2016.
Management of flying equipment 1-research project focuses on the changes on the construction arising during the operations of the equipment. These changes can be partly prevented or repaired when using modern coating technology. Contact person at TUT: Prof. Petri Vuoristo. This project is funded by Finnish Air Force (2013-2016).
NanoMend is a collaborative, end user led project aimed at pioneering novel technologies for in-line detection, cleaning and repair of micro and nano scale defects on thin films deposited on large area substrates. Examples include thin films used in the production of packaging materials, flexible solar panels, lighting and indoor and outdoor digital signage and displays. The aim is to integrate these technologies into systems that work at speeds required for continuous production, thus enabling the new technologies to improve product yield and performance, while keeping manufacturing costs low. Manufacturers today face a number of technological challenges. Micro and nano-scale defects can appear at any stage of their production system, resulting in reduced yield, efficiency and reduced product longevity and performance. Product quality may be increased by improving in-line cleaning and repair techniques of micro and nano-scale defects. Furthermore, manufacturers face the challenge of speed versus resolution. At higher speeds the performance of in-line quality control systems drops. It is therefore necessary to go beyond the current state-of-the-art, which is the objective of NanoMend. NanoMend is a 4-year large scale FP7 project between 1.1.2012-31.12.2015. Paper Converting and Packaging Technology (at Dept. of Materials Science) is a WP leader for demonstration in the project. Contact persons: Dr. Johanna Lahti and Prof. Jurkka Kuusipalo
Short crack and fretting fatigue damage in mechanical engineering
A modern diesel engine, for example, has several critical high-strength components under extreme loading conditions, and often connected via bolted joints or press-fits. Combined with typically thousands of yearly running hours, a component can accumulate easily hundreds of millions of loading cycles in a year. The main objective of the project is to develop a model combining both fretting and short crack growth phenomena into one unified tool for predicting fatigue life. The project main themes are model development, measurements and testing together with numerical methods. Responsible leader of the project is Prof. Arto Lehtovaara, Department of Materials Science. This project is funded by Tekes and participating companies, 01.08.2012 - 31.07.2015.
The new possibilities of Barkhausen noise method
Barkhausen noise method is one non-destructive quality control tool for evaluation of heat-treated and ground gears. The project continues the previous studies for developing of the Barkhausen noise method. This project concentrates on the studying of different surface layers and surface modification characteristics with the Barkhausen noise method. Contact persons at TUT/Materials Science: Research Fellow Suvi Santa-aho and Assoc. Prof. Minnamari Vippola. The project is funded by industry for 1.11.2014 - 31.10.2015.